One of the sections in the Home Health Proposed Rule outlines and defines how Home Health Value Based Purchasing (HHVBP) total performance scores will be calculated. For each of the 25 OASIS and HHCAHPS measures, CMS will calculate both a threshold and a benchmark for each from agency’s base year scores.
Points will be awarded in an agency’s performance year for both achievement and improvement. The agency will receive the points from only the higher of the two.
Both sets of calculations are derived using base year scores. Thus the quandary—What is my target?
Since the base year (Calendar Year 2015) has not yet closed, how do you know what your overall targets should be? Sure, you can look at CMS historical scores reported on Home Health Compare (HHC), but you need to account for the fact that many scores have improved year over year. I was interested in seeing how HHC scores for the 20 measures used for HHVBP have changed over time. Table 1 lists the national score changes on both an absolute and percentage basis.
Interestingly, HHCAHPS measure scores have not changed all that much. Two went down and two went up over three years. For OASIS HHVBP outcomes excluding the utilization outcomes, four of the six measures improved each year, and two showed no changes in the last year. Of the seven HHVBP process measures, three improved every year, and four had no change in the last year.
|Change Over Last 3 Years||Change Over Last Year|
|# Improved||# No Change||# Declined||# Improved||# No Change||# Declined|
|HHCAHPS Quality Measures||2||1||2||0||5||0|
|HHVBP Outcome Measures||6||0||0||4||2||0|
|HHVBP Process Measures||7||0||0||3||4||0|
For goal setting, not only do you need to plan on improving your scores on low performing measures, but you need to also look at how the HHVBP scores changed across the years. Although many of the process measures may have topped out, there is still room to improve, especially now that HHC scores are reported to the tenth decimal starting in July 2015. You will need to plan your target based on where you want to be relative to your peers.
For HHVBP, your peers will be based in your state. Keep in mind though, for the new Quality of Patient Care Star ratings, your peers are the national CMS benchmark. Benchmarking your scores on a real-time basis, both on a state and national level, will be an important contributor to your success.